Communication Leadership Blog
WASHINGTON - The propaganda spread by ISIS is more powerful and sophisticated than Al Qaeda's media messages of just a few years ago. So now, "journalism alone" is not sufficient for the U.S. to combat the Islamic state's media campaign.
That was the message from two U.S. international broadcasting executives, Shameem Rassam, Executive Producer of Alhurra Iraq, and Davin Hutchins, Director of Digital Content for the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, at Monday's CCLP Communication Leadership Forum in Washington, D.C.
Left to right: Shameem Rassam, Davin Hutchins, and Donald Bishop, President of the Public Diplomacy Council.
Where Al Qaeda relied on Al Jazeera and other media outlets to spread its message, according to Hutchins, ISIS now broadcasts its messages directly, using social networks. And instead of Al Qaeda's crudely produced videos featuring Osama bin Laden, Hutchins noted ISIS has slick, professional productions that focus on "crimes, exploits [and] brutality."
Now, according to Hutchins, the U.S. must start with solid journalism, reporting on "root causes of the ISIS phenomenon among youth" including unemployment, poor education, minority rights, sectarianism and "religious literalism."
Senior fellow Adam Clayton Powell III, who leads CCLP's new initiative on mobile phones as a platform for public service, was named a Highway Africa Fellow at the 2014 Highway Africa Conference at Rhodes University's School of Journalism and Media Studies in Grahamstown, South Africa.
The 2014 Highway Africa Fellows, left to right: Joe Alfers, Mathatha Tsedu, Cheriff Moumina Sy, CCLP senior fellow Adam Clayton Powell III, Elizabeth Barratt, Jovial Rantao, and Amina Frense.
In addition to being the only American to receive the award, Powell also holds the record for attendance; he has presented at 17 of the 18 annual Highway Africa Conference meetings, attending more conferences than even the conference organizers themselves.
He helped start the Highway Africa Conference in 1997 with its founder Guy Berger, who served as the head of Rhodes University's School of Journalism & Media Studies and, before moving to Rhodes, edited one of South Africa's four anti-apartheid newspapers.
Journalists from Germany and Russia joined USC Annenberg students, faculty and special guests to share their first hand accounts of the physical dangers and moral dilemmas of reporting on international conflicts like the war in Ukraine at Covering Global Conflict, the first in a series organized by USC Annenberg's Center on Communication Leadership & Policy (CCLP) and School of Journalism, along with the Pacific Council on International Policy (PCIP).
More than 100 students, journalists, and Pacific Council members attended the forum, which was among the first special events held in USC's new Wallis Annenberg Hall. The conversation was moderated by CCLP director Geoffrey Cowan and introduced by Willow Bay, director of USC Annenberg's School of Journalism.
"Journalists have become a target--not only one of several targets in the warzone, but almost one of their favorite targets," said Julian Reichelt, editor-in-chief of the popular German news site BILD.de and a war reporter who has covered Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and Lebanon.
GRAHAMSTOWN, South Africa - A CCLP initiative to define minimum capabilities of cell phone handsets for health care, public safety and other public services was a focus of discussion at a forum here at Rhodes University on Sunday.
"What a good question!" said Daudi Khamadi Were, Innovation Coordinator at Making All Voices Count, part of Kenya's global Ushahidi group. Were said that cell phone service for illiterate users should be a key issue.
"Mobiles need to be voice-enabled for those who cannot type as fast," agreed Bomasanto Ndulovu, Strategic Executive Director for South Africa's capital city, Tshwane (still known as Pretoria in much of the world).
The audience at the Rhodes University forum takes notes during a discussion on mobile technology.
Covering Global Conflict: New series of conversations hosted by CCLP and the Pacific Council on International Policy
USC Annenberg's Center on Communication Leadership & Policy (CCLP) and School of Journalism, along with the Pacific Council on International Policy (PCIP), are launching a new public series, Covering Global Conflict, which will examine differences in how international media are covering major flashpoints around the world.
"These conversations offer exciting and important opportunities to understand how media in various countries see and interpret events through their own distinctive prism," said Geoffrey Cowan, CCLP director and co-chair of the series. "At USC we emphasize the importance of discussing not only how America sees the world, but how the world is seeing America."
The first conversation, to be held Tuesday, September 9, will focus on the civil unrest in Ferguson, Missouri and the war in Ukraine, featuring journalists from the front lines of global conflict.
Featured speakers include Professor Robert English, an expert on the politics of Russia and director of the USC School of International Relations; Lukas Hermsmeier, a reporter for the German newspaper BILD, who was shot with a rubber bullet and arrested while covering the protests in Ferguson, Missouri; and Julian Reichelt, editor in chief of the popular German news site BILD.de, who has worked as a war reporter in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and Lebanon.
Reichelt said that if there's one take-away he hopes the journalists and students attending the September 9 conversation will remember, it's this: "[Q]uestion everything - there is no universal truth. Learn to separate facts from propaganda; and most importantly, don't fall for the powerful and their spin. Question why they grant you access. Don't confuse access in the service of spin with research."
The discussion will be led by CCLP visiting fellow Florian von Heintze, deputy editor in chief of BILD. Von Heintze agreed with Reichelt that verifying information is one of the biggest challenges in reporting on global conflicts: "What is fact, what is propaganda, and how do you interpret the big grey zone in between?"
Journalists explored this issue at one of CCLP's Washington D.C. forums, discussing the Russian propaganda surrounding the protests in Kiev, Ukraine. Bringing the discussion to USC will offer students and the general public unique insights into the issues facing journalists today.
"I look forward to learning more about how international media outside Germany is covering global conflicts - in print, online and on social media platforms," said von Heintze.
Covering Global Conflict is co-chaired by Geoffrey Cowan, CCLP director and USC University Professor, Willow Bay, director of USC Annenberg's School of Journalism, Jerrold Green, PCIP president & CEO, and Mickey Kantor, CCLP and PCIP board co-chairman.
Visiting fellow Florian von Heintze: How Germany's largest news site is commenting on the death of James Foley
64 journalists, media assistants and bloggers were killed this year so far on their job, according to the German association "Reporter ohne Grenzen" (Reporters Without Borders) -- more than ever since its first published report in 1995. US reporter James Foley (40) was the 10th deadly victim in Syria this year. Almost 30 journalists have been killed there since the outbreak of the civil war in 2011. Julian Reichelt (34) has been covering wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria for years. He met James Foley occasionally on the job and always admired him for his courage, his curiosity, and his storytelling. Last year Reichelt was named Editor-in-Chief of Germany's leading news website BILD.de (www.bild.de) with 300 million page impressions monthly. He is based in Berlin. Here is what he wrote about Foley's death.
-- Florian von Heintze
Photo from BILD.de
Below is the commentary published today by Julian Reichelt, Editor-in-chief of BILD.de:
The death of our colleague James Foley, who was beheaded by terrorists, leaves us horrified and aghast. The way he had to die is sickening us.
I did not know him very well; we were not friends, but I knew him well enough to imagine what might have been important for him to say. Before him, hundreds of Syrians and Iraqis were murdered the way he was. Scornfully, barbarically. Helplessly, powerlessly facing death.
James Foley lived to report about these people: the defenseless, the overpowered, the nameless. It would have been important to him to remember them, too -- all those forgotten souls that lie in the mass graves of Syria and Iraq.
Visiting fellow Florian von Heintze shares insights about covering demonstrations in Ferguson, Missouri
Visiting fellow Florian von Heintze, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of BILD, shared with CCLP the story of a BILD reporter who was wounded and arrested while covering the demonstrations in Ferguson, Missouri. Below is von Heintze's personal introduction to the story:
Three German reporters -- among other American and international journalists -- were arrested last night while covering the demonstrations in Ferguson, Missouri, following the fatal shooting of an unarmed black teenager by a white police officer. One of the journalists is 26-year-old Lukas Hermsmeier from Berlin, who writes for BILD, Europe's largest selling newspaper with 12 million readers daily, and its website BILD.de with 14 million unique users and 300 million page impressions per month. Hermsmeier was wounded by rubber bullets and kept in jail for several hours. Here is what Julian Reichelt, Editor-in-chief of BILD.de, writes in his commentary in Wednesday's printed and online edition of BILD about the incident. -- Florian von Heintze
BILD reporter Lukas Hermsmeier was arrested while covering the demonstrations in Ferguson, Missouri. (Photo: B.Z.)
Florian von Heintze, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the German newspaper BILD, is joining the Center on Communication Leadership & Policy (CCLP) as a 2014-2015 visiting fellow.
While based at CCLP, Heintze will lead a series of programs examining media coverage of global events from different international perspectives. This conversation series will be presented in partnership with the Pacific Council on International Policy.
"Florian is a highly regarded newsroom innovator who helps lead one of Europe's top-selling newspapers," said Geoffrey Cowan, USC University Professor and CCLP director. "He brings a broad global perspective to CCLP and I am delighted to have him join our distinguished roster of fellows."
"I am very honored," said von Heintze. "I am looking forward to attending Center events, participating in the development of new programs and particularly taking part in your lunch discussions on the various ways international media covers the same story."
Published by German media group Axel Springer SE, BILD has more than 11 million daily readers. Von Heintze joined BILD as Deputy Editor-in-Chief in 2004, building on his extensive experience managing magazines and newspapers. At BILD, he focuses on both editorial content as well as strategic partnerships, working with advertisers and public institutions including Greenpeace, the World Wildlife Fund, the German AAA, and various schools and museums.
WASHINGTON - On the eve of the historic US-Africa Summit here, America's number one objective on the African continent is to start closing the gap with China.
That was the message from all three speakers at Monday's CCLP Communication Leadership lunch just a few blocks from the State Department.
"There is no place in Africa where you do not see China," said Ron Nixon, who has covered several African countries for the New York Times. "They are in every aspect of business. The U.S. is far behind."
Left to right: Ron Nixon, NY Times; Joan Mower, BBG; and Mwamoyo Hamza, Chief, VOA Swahili Service
Mwamoyo Hamza, head of the Voice of America's Swahili Service, identified a fundamental difference between American and Chinese initiatives in Africa: the U.S. still thinks of Africa as a destination for foreign aid, but for China, it is all business.
"It is no longer an aid relationship," Hamza said. "It should be a business relationship."
In international broadcasting, China also has grown rapidly.
"They are outspending us," said Joan Mower, head of development for Voice of America. She added that, checking into hotels around Africa, she has found they now feature three English-language Chinese channels.
The staff and board of the USC Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy mourn the passing of advisory board member and distinguished fellow Warren Bennis.
A true pioneer who helped found the field of leadership studies, Bennis was part of CCLP from the very beginning, sharing his wisdom, guidance and insights at several gatherings.
We are profoundly grateful for Dr. Bennis's support and enthusiasm for CCLP's work, and his countless contributions as a scholar, strategist and leader over nearly four decades at USC. The university has published an obituary highlighting Bennis's achievements, as has The New York Times, The Washington Post, Forbes, and The Huffington Post.
In 2010, CCLP, in partnership with USC Marshall School of Business, presented a special program, Honoring a Lifetime of Leadership: A conversation with Dr. Warren Bennis, featuring Dr. Bennis, CCLP director Geoffrey Cowan and USC Marshall Dean Jim Ellis. The event can be viewed by clicking here.